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非谓语动词(9)

时间:2018-10-11 21:25来源:未知 作者:billgxl 点击:
A carry out B carrying out C carried out D to carry out 答案:C 作插入语 其结构是固定的,意思上的主语并不是句子的主语。 generally speaking 一般说来 talking of (speaking of) 说到 strictly speaking 严

A  carry out     B  carrying out    C  carried out    D  to carry out
   答案:C
  1. 作插入语
其结构是固定的,意思上的主语并不是句子的主语。
generally speaking 一般说来          talking of (speaking of) 说到
strictly speaking 严格地说            judging from 从···判断
all things considered 从整体来看      taking all things into consideration 全面看来。如:
Judging from his face, he must be ill.从他的脸色看,他一定是病了。
Generally speaking, dogs can run faster than pigs.总的来说,狗比猪跑得快。
  • 分词的时态
  1. 与主语动词同时。如:
Arriving there, they found the boy dead.刚一到那儿,他们就发现那男孩死了。
The secretary worked late into the night, ______ a long speech for the president.
A  to prepare      B  preparing      C  prepared      D  was preparing
答案:B
 
  1. 先于主语动词
分词作时间状语,如果先于主动词的动作,且强调先后,要用having done。如:
Having finished his homework, he went out for a walk.
After he had finished his homework, he went out for a walk.
做完作业,他出去散步。
______ a reply, he decided to write again.
A  Not receiving                  B  Receiving not                            
C  Not having received            D  Having not received
答案:C
  • 分词的语态
  1. 通常情况下,现在分词表示主动,过去分词表示被动。如:
He is the man giving you/who gave you the book他就是给你书的那个人
She is the girl stopped by/who was stopped by the car.她就是那个被车拦住的女孩。
  1. 不及物动词的过去分词表示动作已经发生。像:gone, fallen, retired, grown-up, escaped, faded, returned等词。如:
a retired person 一个退休的人        a fallen ball 一个落下来的球
a burnt-out match 烧完了的火柴
 
 
 
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