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非谓语动词(8)

时间:2018-10-11 21:25来源:未知 作者:billgxl 点击:
Walking along the street, I ran across my old friend. Bitten by a snake, he was taken to hospital(原因). Though defeated, he didnt lose heart.(让步) He lay on the grass, looking into the sky.(伴随) H

Walking along the street, I ran across my old friend.
Bitten by a snake, he was taken to hospital(原因).
Though defeated, he didn’t lose heart.(让步)
He lay on the grass, looking into the sky.(伴随)
He came running to tell me the good news.(方式)
______ some officials, Napoleon inspected his army.
A  Followed    B  Followed by   C  Being followed    D  Having been followed
答案:B
   There was a terrible noise______ the sudden burst of light.
   A  followed     B  following     C  to be followed     D  being followed
   答案:B
   ______ , liquids can be changed into gases.
   A  Heating      B  To be heated  C  Heated          D  Heat
   答案:C
   注意:
  1. 选择现在分词还是过去分词,关键看主句的主语。如分词的动作是由主句的主语发出,分词就用现在分词,反之就用过去分词。试比较:
(Being)Used for a long time, the book looks old.由于用了很长时间,这本书看上去很旧。
Using the book, I find it useful.在使用的过程中,我发现这本书很有用。
  1. 分词作状语时,其逻辑主语必须和主句的主语一致,如果不一致,就用独立主格结构,即在分词前加上它的逻辑主语。现在分词的完成式主要用于作状语,一般不用作定语。
When______, the museum will be open to the public next year.
A  completed    B  completing   C  being completed    D  to be completed
答案:A
 
 
______ such heavy pollution already, it may now be too late to clean up the river.
A  Having suffered  B  Suffering    C  To suffer          D  Suffered
答案:A
  1. 作表语
现在分词作表语多表示主语具有的特征,过去分词作表语多指主语所处的状态。如:
The film is touching.
The glass is broken.
She looked tired with cooking.
He remained standing beside the table.
 
—I’m very______ with my own cooking. It looks nice and smells delicious.
—Mm, it does have a ______ smell.
A  pleasant; pleased  B  pleased; pleased  C  pleasant; pleasant  D  pleased; pleasant
答案:D
  1. 作宾语补足语
分词和不定式一样,在一些感官动词或使役动词后作宾语补足语。如:
I smell something burning.
I heard him singing the song.
I heard my name called.
I can’t make myself understood in English.
I found my car missing.
I’ll have my watch repaired.我想把我的手表修一下。
The managers discussed the plan that they would like to see ______ the next year. (责任编辑:billgxl)
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