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非谓语动词(6)

时间:2018-10-11 21:25来源:未知 作者:billgxl 点击:
Forget to do 忘记要做 forget doing 忘记做过 Remember to do 记得要做 remember doing 记得做过 Regret to do 遗憾要做 regret doing 后悔做过 Try to do 企图做,尽力做 try doing 试着做 Go on to do 继续做(

Forget to do 忘记要做                   forget doing 忘记做过
Remember to do 记得要做               remember doing 记得做过
Regret to do 遗憾要做                   regret doing 后悔做过
Try to do 企图做,尽力做                try doing 试着做
Go on to do 继续做(另一件事)         go on doing 继续做(同一件事)
Mean to do 打算做                     mean doing 意味做
In some parts of London, missing a bus means _______ for another hour.
A  waiting      B  to waiting     C  wait        D  to be waiting
答案:A
 
  1. Need, require, want作“需要”讲,其后用动名词的主动式表示被动意义,be worth也有类似用法。如:
The flowers need watering/to be watered.
The problem is worth discussing.
 
  1. 作表语
此时的动名词可以和主语调换位置。如:
My hobby is collecting stamps.
Her job is washing, cleaning and taking care of the child.
 
  1. 作定语
动名词作定语,一般表示用途。如:
a waiting room,a diving board,a reading room,a dining hall
there are a lot of swimming pools in the city.
注:(1)现在分词作定语表动作,它与所修饰的名词之间存在逻辑上的主谓关系,可改写成一个定语从句。
如果为单词,放在被修饰n之前,为短语,放在被修饰n之后。
如:a sleeping boy =a boy who is sleeping
    a developing country =a country which is developing
(2)动名词作定语通常表示它所修饰的名词的用途或性质,可改写成一个for的短语,两者不存在逻辑上的主谓关系。
如:a washing machine = a mashine for washing
         a swimming pool = a pool for swimming
 
  • 动名词的时态和语态
动名词的动作发生在谓语动词所表示的动作之前,通常要用完成式,否则都用一般式。如:
We are interested in playing chess.
He was praised for having finished the work ahead of time.
I’m sorry for not having kept my promise.
若主语是动名词所表示的动作的对象,动名词用被动语态。如:
We must do something to prevent water from being polluted.
I remember having been told a story.
He was afraid of being scolded by the teacher.
 
  及物动词 不及物动词
  主动 被动 主动
一般时 doing being done doing
完成时 having done having been done having done
  (责任编辑:billgxl)
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