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非谓语动词(5)

时间:2018-10-11 21:25来源:未知 作者:billgxl 点击:
The boy wanted to ride his bicycle in the street, but his mother told him ______. A not to B not to do C not do it D do not do The patient was warned ______ food before the operation. A to eat no B e

        The boy wanted to ride his bicycle in the street, but his mother told him ______.
        A  not to             B  not to do         C  not do it          D  do not do
        The patient was warned ______  food before the operation.
        A  to eat no          B  eating not         C  not to eat          D  not eating

动名词(动名词具有动词和名词的特征,在句中作主语、表语、宾语和定语)

  • 动名词的作用
  1. 作主语
谓语用单数。It代替动名词作主语,常用于如下结构:
It’s no good/use doing···如:
Seeing is believing.
Playing with fire is dangerous.
It’s no good waiting here.
  1. 作宾语
I enjoy listening to music.
He often practices playing the piano in the evening.
He is fond of playing basketball.
He has given up smoking.
Would you mind turning down your radio a little, please?
 
  1. 只能接动名词作宾语的动词:
admit,advise建议,risk,appreciate,envy嫉妒,avoid避免,
consider考虑,delay延迟,deny否认,dislike不喜欢,enjoy,escape逃避,excuse原谅、宽恕,
finish完成,forgive原谅,understand理解,give up放弃,imagine想象,keep保持,mind介意、在乎,miss未达到,practise训练,put off推迟,resist抵抗,suggest建议、暗示
can’t help 禁不住,can’t stand无法忍受,devote to(to为介词)致力于···,look forward to 期望、盼望,
stick to坚持,be used to习惯于,object to反对,be busy忙于···,fee like想要···
be surprised at 对……感到惊讶 be proud of 以……为骄傲 succeed in 在某方面成功
be afraid of害怕  give up 放弃
 
  1. 只能接不定式作宾语的动词:
happen 碰巧,offer 主动提出,promise 答应,agree 同意,refuse拒绝,decide 决定,
determine 决定、决心,pretend 假装,fail 未能够,learn,wish希望,hope,expect,afford 负担得起。
  
  1. 接动名词、不定式均可,意义相同的动词:like,love,dislike,hate,begin,star,continue,prefer,
can’t bear/endure 无法忍受,cease停止
 
  1. 下列词接动名词和不定式均可,但意义不同的动词:forget,go on,mean,regret,remember,stop,try等
Stop to do 停下来去做                   stop doing 停止做 (责任编辑:billgxl)
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